Isis was a creator and a destroyer. The temple is in the midst of the city, the whole circuit of which commands a view down into it; for the city's level has been raised, but that of the temple has been left as it was from the first, so that it can be seen into from without. Worried about his daughter’s whereabouts, Ra sent a number of deities to bring Tefnut back to Egypt. In the movie series Night At the Museum, the Tablet of Ahkmenrah, which gives inanimate objects the ability to come to life at night, is powered by Khonsu. World History Edu © 2020. , Bastet, the form of the name that is most commonly adopted by Egyptologists today because of its use in later dynasties, is a modern convention offering one possible reconstruction. In W. Clarysse, A. Schoors, H. Willems. (If anyone knows of a good scholarly source for information on the Egyptian lunar festivals, please, please tell me…I am still searching!) Kek. In art, Khonsu is typically depicted as a mummy with the symbol of childhood, a sidelock of hair, as well as the menat necklace with crook and flail. Being the so wise and very soft-spoken, Thoth was able to persuade the goddess to return to Egypt. , As protector of Lower Egypt, she was seen as defender of the king, and consequently of the sun god, Ra. Libulan (Bisaya mythology): the copper-bodied son of Lidagat and Lihangin; killed by Kaptan's rage during the great revolt; his body became the moon. His name Khonsu also spelled as Chonsu, Khensu, Khons, Chons or Khonshu which means “The Traveller” or “The Wanderer”, reflects to the moon wandering across the night sky.  King Ptolemy IV, after he was cured of an illness, called himself "Beloved of Khonsu Who Protects His Majesty and Drives Away Evil Spirits". Cats in ancient Egypt were highly revered, partly due to their ability to combat vermin such as mice, rats (which threatened key food supplies), and snakes—especially cobras. Ancient Egyptian deities in popular culture § Bastet, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bastet&oldid=984877280, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Ancient Egyptian-language text, Articles containing Koinē Greek-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 17:00. Many stories of her have pointed out that the reason why she went to Nubia was because she was so envious of the admiration Egyptians showered on her grandchildren (i.e.  This accords well with Egyptian sources that prescribe that lioness goddesses are to be appeased with the "feasts of drunkenness". Bastet was originally a fierce lioness warrior goddess of the sun worshiped throughout most of ancient Egyptian history, but later she was changed into the cat goddess that is familiar today, becoming Bastet. For more information on Lunar Calendars, you may want to check out these books: Civil Calendar and Lunar Calendar in Ancient Egypt by L. Depuydt and a modern source, Morgan, Mogg. Part of the city of Denderah (Iunet) was known as “The House of Tefnut” and she was worshipped in her lion form at Leontopolis (Nay-ta-hut). Because so much of our information about Isis came from these Moon Goddess-loving people, today when we think of Isis, the moon is one of the first things we associate with Her. In order to convince her to come back to Egypt, the god Thoth is believed to have bestowed upon her a very high-ranking title. Dennis C. Turner and Patrick Bateson estimate that during the Twenty-second Dynasty (c. 945–715 BC), Bastet worship changed from being a lioness deity into being predominantly a major cat deity. Sometimes, she can be seen wearing a crown made of different plants.  In the biblical Book of Ezekiel 30:17, the town appears in the Hebrew form Pibeseth. But Isis is a Great Goddess; She is All, and so She is unquestionably to be found in the deep and holy Mysteries of the Moon. The Pyramid Texts inscribed in the tomb of Unas suggest that Tefnut and Tefen were closely involved in the weighing of the heart of the deceased by Ma´at. The ancient world also associated love affairs with the moon (the romance of moonlight, you know) and, in Her passion for Osiris, Isis was a famous lover. Scholars generally agree that the first Egyptian … In Marvel Comics, the character Moon Knight is the avatar of Khonshu, who grants him supernatural abilities to fight evil in his name, but also slowly drives him insane. He is sometimes shown wearing an eagle or falcon's head like Horus, with whom he is associated as a protector and healer, adorned with the sun disk and crescent moon. He has close links to other divine children such as Horus and Shu. In early Egyptian hieroglyphs, her name appears to have been bꜣstt. I definitely will.  Two thousand years later, during the Third Intermediate Period of Egypt (c. 1070–712 BC), Bastet began to be depicted as a domestic cat or a cat-headed woman.. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. The Greeks sometimes equated Bastet with one of their goddesses, Artemis. In one account of the story, Tefnut and Shu were born after Ra sneezed. Along with Thoth he marked the passage of time. Worldhistoryedu is not responsible for the content of external sites. The best available documentation is that of George Hart, "A Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses", but few other scholarly references make mention of this specific Egyptian deity. For myself, while I do find Her in the moon, I resonate more strongly with Isis of the Stars and Isis of the Eternities of Space. Tefnut was generally depicted as a lioness or a woman with a lion’s head. Goddess of protection, cats, perfume/ointments, fertility, pregnancy, children, music, the arts, and warfare, Bastet in her late form of a cat-headed woman, rather than a lioness. It seems weird to me that with the importance of the lunar festivals, we seem to have so little info about them. His name means "traveller", and this may relate to the perceived nightly travel of the Moon across the sky. Nevertheless, he is also considered to be the son of Sobek and Hathor (associate him to Horus) and son of Osiris in Edfu. This is explained by Khonsu's deep-rooted associations with the moon.
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