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hymenoptera families

Cambridge : Harvard University Press. Zoologica Scripta. The Hymenoptera, insects commonly known as ants, bees, wasps and sawflies, comprise a significant proportion of arthropod diversity in most terrestrial habitats. [20], Another consequence is that hymenopterans may be more resistant to the deleterious effects of inbreeding. London : Academic Press. . of, parasitic wasps that attack flies & Neuroptera), Maamingidae  (Parasitic wasps from New Zealand), Monomachidae  [formerly Monoserphidae]  .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, Hymenoptera (sawflies, wasps, ants, bees), Hymenoptera originated in the Triassic, with the oldest fossils belonging to the family Xyelidae. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. Reproductive Diploid Males in a Parasitoid with Complementary Sex Determination", "A unified model of Hymenopteran preadaptations that trigger the evolutionary transition to eusociality", "Conditional use of sex and parthenogenesis for worker and queen production in ants", "The genome of the clonal raider ant Cerapachys biroi", "Meiotic recombination dramatically decreased in thelytokous queens of the little fire ant and their sexually produced workers", "Whole-genome scan in the lytokous-laying workers of the Cape honeybee (Apis mellifera capensis): central fusion, reduced recombination rates and centromere mapping using half-tetrad analysis", "Fitness and the level of homozygosity in a social insect", "Jamaica's Critically Endangered Butterfly: A Review of the Biology and Conservation Status of the Homerus Swallowtail (Papilio (Pterourus) homerus Fabricius)", "Molecular phylogeny of the insect order Hymenoptera: apocritan relationships", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, "Ueber die Gattung Oxybelus Latr.

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