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At the same time the reduction of the military service from 15 to 12 months for the army and air force and from 24 to 18 months for the navy, forced the army to reduce its forces by nearly 45,000 troops. The remaining four divisions were also subjected to major changes and reductions, however, unlike the above three divisions, they remained in service after the reform. Neither were the "Pozzuolo del Friuli" and "Friuli" brigades merged, nor was the "Granatieri di Sardegna" brigade disbanded. Italy has joined in many UN, NATO and EU operations as well as with assistance to Russia and the other CIS nations, Middle East peace process, peacekeeping, and combating the illegal drug trade, human trafficking, piracy and terrorism. For the detailed structure of the Italian Army see Structure of the Italian Army. Two battalions per Armored Brigade, one battalion per mechanized brigade, while the "Ariete" brigade fielded three tank battalions. The Italian Army (Italian: Esercito Italiano) is the land-based component of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic. Since the end of the Cold War, the army has seen extensive peacekeeping service and combat in Afghanistan and Iraq. These included 59 infantry divisions, six Alpini divisions, three Celere divisions (cavalry), three armoured divisions plus various Frontier Guard units and coastal divisions. The Italian unification saw the number of divisions increased, and in 1861 the Carabinieri were appointed the "First Force" of the new national military organization. With the easing of tensions between Italy and Yugoslavia the Third Army, along with VI Army Corps, was disbanded on 1 April 1972 and its functions taken over by NATO's Allied Forces Southern Europe in Verona. The Logistic Projection Command was disbanded and its units attached directly to the brigades. With the abolition of the divisional level one squadron was reformed as tank squadrons group and joined the "Brescia" brigade, one was reformed as mechanized squadrons group and joined the "Vittorio Veneto" brigade. On 29 July 2004 it became a professional all-volunteer force when conscription was finally ended. The divisions were further divided into companies and subdivided into lieutenancies, which commanded and coordinated the local police stations and were distributed throughout the national territory in direct contact with the public. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it has seen extensive peacekeeping service in Lebanon, Afghanistan, and Iraq. During the early 1960s the army reduced the "Trieste", "Friuli", "Pozzuolo del Friuli", "Pinerolo", "Avellino" and "Aosta" divisions to brigades and raised the I Paratroopers Brigade in Pisa. The Carabinieri, once the senior corps of the Army, is now an autonomous armed force (alongside the Army, Navy and Air Force). One logistic battalion per brigade; with the exception of the "Sassari" brigade. Exercise "Italic Weld", a combined air-naval-ground exercise in northern Italy involving the United States, Italy, Turkey, and Greece, appears to have been one of the first exercises in which the new Italian Army orientation was tested.[6]. Initially the army fielded five infantry divisions, created from the five combat groups of the Italian Co-belligerent Army, and equipped with British materiel. Despite not being a branch of the armed forces, the Guardia di Finanza is part of the military and operates a large fleet of ships, aircraft and helicopters, enabling it to patrol Italy's waters and to eventually participate in warfare scenarios. As part of the reform all army schools, training regiments and training centres were to be combined into the newly raised Army Formation, Specialisation and Doctrine Command (Comando per la Formazione, Specializzazione e Dottrina dell’Esercito or COMFORDOT) in Rome. The Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia fought under General Giovanni Messe, who acknowledged the limitations of his Corps in material and equipment and thus was relieved of his command on November 1, 1942. During the First World War, it spent its major efforts in the Adriatic Sea, fighting the Austro-Hungarian Navy. A fourth branch of the armed forces, known as the Carabinieri, take on the role as the nation's military police and are also involved in missions and operations abroad as a combat force. These include: the Regular Uniform (the only one that includes seasonal variations), the Service Uniform, the Service Combat Uniform, and the Ceremonial Uniform (only for officials).

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