Aquinas tells us God is the ultimate mover. Therefore, as soon as the word ‘God’ is understood it exists mentally, it follows that it exists actually.". And since nothing in existence is perfect, then God cannot be perfect either. Thus, using the first proof as the foundation of this philosophical structure, Aquinas states that: "The first and most manifest way is the argument from motion. The natural world does just fine without supernatural intervention. Do Aquinas’s Five Proofs for the Existence of God Hold Up? Today people spend a lot of time trying to defend and explain what he meant but nobody can show that any of the 5 ways adds anything to human knowledge. Aquinas's five proofs don't hold up. Therefore there must exist a pre-eminently peerless stinker, and we call him God. on August 09, 2018: Hello Jennifer, thank you for philosophical. Well Aquinas had no degree either. etc.) Although we've never met, I'm guessing our scales look a lot alike. Thus, if we follow this reasoning to its logical conclusion, while remembering our conclusions from the first proof, we can determine that a first cause must exist which is also the cause of itself. courses that prepare you to earn Aquinas tells us we understand good because God is good. In some ways, evolution points more effectively to the existence of God than miraculous creation ever could. This lesson will explore Thomas Aquinas' 'Summa Theologica'. An error occurred trying to load this video. Aquinas was wrong in assuming that God must necessarily be some external force outside of the universe. These are essentially ordered series of causes that must receive there existence from something with inherent cause, pure act, no potentials. The reader should seek out a work on the subject by an author with a Ph.D. in Philosophy or Theology. Things move when potential motion becomes actual motion. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. One cannot reasonably expect a rational conclusion to be achieved in a discussion where people are not clear as to what they themselves are defending. Yes, some things have lots of makers, but ultimately there must be one supreme maker who made all the other makers! Aquinas thought the universe could be eternal, but the existence of only one contingent being necessarily arrives at a non-contingent being. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Aquinas also claims that God must have always existed and will always exist. Proof four is the Proof of Perfection. Also referred to as the five ways, these proofs are still alive and kicking in the conversations of modern philosophers. Why did Thomas Aquinas write 'Summa Theologica'? Argument Analysis of the Five Ways © 2004 Theodore Gracyk.